First notice of a Paleoindian site in central São Paulo State, Brazil: Bastos site, Dourado County

Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo, Letícia Correa

Abstract


Bastos site, located in central São Paulo State, provided ages between 7,600 and 12,600 cal BP. The lithic industry is composed by flakes on silicified sandstone, with rare unifacial retouch, without formal artifacts. The site probably represents a habitation area in a river terrace, later covered by a colluvial fan. Refitting pieces attest the overall integrity of the spatial positioning of the archaeological materials. The site is the oldest found in São Paulo, and is contemporaneous to sites from Lagoa Santa and Pains regions, in Minas Gerais State. However, the lithic industry is unrelated to the ones found in these areas, suggesting the existence of a different Paleoindian group.  

Keywords: Paleoindians; Brazil; São Paulo State; Lithic industry; Geoarchaeology


Keywords


Paleoindians; Brazil; São Paulo State; Lithic industry; Geoarchaeology

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Andrefsky, W. 2005. Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis. Cambridge, Cambrige University Press. 326 p.

Araujo, A. G M. 2015. On Vastness and Variability: Cultural Transmission, Historicity, and the Paleoindian Record in Eastern South America. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 87 (2): 1239-1258. DOI: 10.1590/0001-3765201520140219

Araujo, A.G.M.; Neves, W. A.; Piló, L. B. & Atui, J. P. 2005. Holocene dryness and human occupation in Brazil during the “Archaic Gapâ€. Quaternary Research, 64 (3): 298-307. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2005.08.002

Araujo, A.G.M., Piló, L. B., Neves, W. A. & Atui, J. P. 2006. Human occupation and paleoenvironments in South America: Expanding the notion of an 'Archaic Gap'. Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia, 15/16: 3-35. DOI: 10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.2006.89707

Araujo, A. G. M.; Neves, W. A.; Kipnis, R. 2012. Lagoa Santa Revisited: An Overview of the Chronology, Subsistence, and Material Culture of Paleoindian Sites in Eastern Central Brazil. Latin American Antiquity, 23 (4): 533-550. DOI: 10.7183/1045-6635.23.4.533

Araujo, A.G.M., Paisani, J.C., Schrage, T., Feathers, J.K., Hartmann, G., Ricci, O. 2016 . The “Lagoa do Camargo 1†Paleoindian site: some implications for tropical geomorphology, pedology, and paleoenvironments in Southeastern Brazil. Geoarchaeology, IN PRESS.

Beltrão, M.C.M. 2000. Ensaio de Arqueologia – Uma Abordagem Transdiciplinar. Zit Gráfica e Editora, Rio de Janeiro. 167 p.

Beltrão, M.C.M.; Cunha, L.M.; Danon, J.; Enríquez, C.R.; Poupeau, G. & Zuleta, E. 1983. Datations par thermoluminescence de sites archeologiques du Sud-Est Brésilien. Resumos da 35a. Reunião Annual da SBPC, Belém do Pará. 117 p.

Bryan, A.; Gruhn, R. 1993. Archaeological research at six cave or rockshelter sites in interior Bahia, Brazil. Brazilian Studies. Center for the Study of the First Americans, Corvallis, Oregon. 164 p.

Chmyz, I., Sganzerla, E., Volcov, J., Bora, E. & Ceccon, R. 2008. A Arqueología da Ãrea da LT 750 kV Ivaiporã – Itaberá III, Paraná – São Paulo. Revista do CEPA (UFPR), Edição Especial 5. 305p.

Dias, A.S. & Jacobus, L.A. 2001. The antiquity of the peopling of southern Brazil. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 18: 17-19.

Fogaça, E. 1995. A Tradição Itaparica e as Indústrias Líticas Pré-cerâmicas da Lapa do Boquete (MG – Brasil). Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia. São Paulo, 5: 145-158. DOI: 10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.1995.109233

Hiscock, P. 2000. Looking the other way. A materialist/technological approach to classifying tools and implements, cores and retouched flakes. In: McPherron S. & Lindley J. (Eds,) Tools or cores? The Identification and Study of Alternative Core Technology in Lithic Assemblages. University of Pennsylvania Museum: 198-222.

Koole, E. K. M. 2014. Entre as Tradições Planálticas e Meridionais: Caracterização Arqueológica dos Grupos Caçadores Coletores a Partir da Análise de Sete Elementos e suas Implicações Para a Ocupação Pré-Cerâmica da Região Cárstica do Alto São Francisco, Minas Gerais, Brasil: Cronologia, Tecnologia Lítica, Subsistência (Fauna), Sepultamentos, Mobilidade, Uso do Espaço em Abrigos Naturais e Arte Rupestre. PhD dissertation. São Paulo: Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia, Universidade de São Paulo. 564 p.

Neves, W.A.; Prous, A.; Gonzáles-José, R.; Kipnis, R. & Powell, J. 2003. Early human skeletal remains from Santana do Riacho, Brazil: implications for the settlement of the New World. Journal of Human Evolution, 45: 19-42. DOI: 10.1016/S0047-2484(03)00081-2

Patten R. 2015. Deciphering the behavioural heritage of knapped flakes. Journal of Lithic Studies. 2 (1): 97-107. DOI: 10.2218/jls.v2i1.1139

Prentiss. W. C. 1998. The Reliability and Validity of a Lithic Debitage Typology: Implications for Archaeological Interpretation. American Antiquity. 63 (4): 635-650. DOI: 10.2307/2694112

Prous, A., 1995. Archaeological analysis of the oldest settlements in the Americas. Revista Brasileira de Genetica, 18 (4): 689-699.

Prous, A. & Fogaça, E. 1999. Archaeology of the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary in Brazil. Quaternary International, 53/54: 21-41. DOI: 10.1016/S1040-6182(98)00005-6

Rick, J. W. 1976. Downslope movement and archaeological intrasite spatial analysis. American Antiquity, 41 (2): 133-144. DOI: 10.2307/279164

Roosevelt, A.C.; Costa, M.L.; Machado, C.L.; Michab, M.; Mercier, N.; Valladas, H.; Feathers, J.; Barnett, W.; Silveira, M.I.; Henderson, A.; Sliva, J.; Chernoff, B.; Reese, D.S.; Holman, J.A.; Toth, N. & Schick, K. 1996. Paleoindian cave dwellers in the Amazon: The peopling of the Americas. Science, 272 (5260): 373-384. DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5260.373

Ross, J. L. S.; Moroz, I. C. 1997. Mapa Geomorfológico do Estado de São Paulo. São Paulo: Laboratório de Geomorfologia. Departamento de Geografia FFCLH-USP/Laboratório de Cartografia Geotécnica - Geologia Aplicada - IPT/FAPESP. 63 p.

Schmitz, P. I.; Barbosa, A. S.; Miranda, A. F.; Ribeiro, M. B. & Barbosa, M. O. 1996. Arqueologia nos Cerrados do Brasil Central, Sudoeste da Bahia e Leste de Goiás - O Projeto Serra Geral. Pesquisas – Antropologia, 52. 198 p.

Stanford, D. J. & Bradley, B.A., 2012. Across Atlantic Ice: The origin of America's Clovis culture. Los Angeles, University of California Press. 349 p.

Vilhena-Vialou, A. 1983/1984. Brito: O Mais antigo sítio arqueológico do Paranapanema, Estado de São Paulo. Revista do Museu Paulista, Nova Série, 29: 9-21.

Vilhena-Vialou, A. 2005 (Ed.). Pré-história do Mato Grosso: Santa Elina (Vol. 1). São Paulo, Edusp. 254 p.

Weninger, B.; Jöris, O. & Danzeglocke, U. 2012. CalPal-2007. Cologne radiocarbon calibration, palaeoclimate research package. URL: http://www.calpal.de/


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/

ISSN 2500-980X (Online) 
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 General License.
Take Down Policy